Highway motor vehicles that have a taxable gross weight of 55,000 pounds or more are taxable.
A highway motor vehicle includes any self-propelled vehicle designed to carry a load over public highways, whether or not also designed to perform other functions. Examples of vehicles that are designed to carry a load over public highways include trucks, truck tractors, and buses. Generally, vans, pickup trucks, panel trucks, and similar trucks aren't subject to this tax because they have a taxable gross weight less than 55,000 pounds.
A vehicle consists of a chassis, or a chassis and body, but doesn't include the load. It doesn't matter if the vehicle is designed to perform a highway transportation function for only a particular type of load, such as passengers, furnishings, and personal effects (as in a house, office, or utility trailer), or a special kind of cargo, goods, supplies, or materials. It doesn't matter if machinery or equipment is specially designed (and permanently mounted) to perform some off-highway task unrelated to highway transportation except to the extent discussed later under Vehicles not considered highway motor vehicles.
Use means the use of a vehicle with power from its own motor on any public highway in the United States.
A public highway is any road in the United States that isn't a private roadway. This includes federal, state, county, and city roads.
Example. You purchased your heavy truck from the dealer and drove it over the public highways to your home. The drive home was your first taxable use of the vehicle.
Exemptions. The use of certain highway motor vehicles is exempt from the tax (and thus not required to be reported on a Form 2290) if certain requirements are met. The use of a highway motor vehicle isn't subject to the tax if it is used and actually operated by:
Generally, the following kinds of vehicles aren't considered highway vehicles.
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